Welcome to VATSIM Nepal vACC, operated in the VATSIM Asia region and VATSIM West Asia Division. Nepal is considered to be one of the complex airspaces within the division. Our main goal is to replicate real-world standards, so we’re operating to the motto “as real as it gets” on the VATSIM network.

This document will explain everything that you, as a member of the VATSIM network, need to know about Nepal’s airspace so your control session and/or your flight is enjoyable.

Sectors within Nepal

Within VATSIM Nepal vACC, there are two ATS sectors described as follows:

  • Kathmandu Sector: All of the airspace to the east of the 083° E from GND to FL460, operating on frequency 126.500.
  • Nepalgunj Sector: All of the airspace to the west of the 083° E from GND to 13,500 feet, operating on frequency 118.300.

Note: Flights crossing FL150 or above including L626 airway shall contact Kathmandu Control at 126.500, while flights at or below 13,500 feet in the Nepalgunj sector shall contact Nepalgunj Tower at 118.300.

Services provided in Nepal

The following services are provided within VATSIM Nepal vACC airspace:

  1. Area Control
  2. Radar Control
  3. Flight Information and Alerting Services

However, the following services are provided at the following locations:

  1. Aerodrome Control (TWR)
  2. Surface Movement Control at Kathmandu (VNKT)
  3. Approach Control (APP) at Biratnagar, Bhairahawa, Simara, and Nepalgunj
  4. Approach Control (APP) / Radar Control (RDR) at Kathmandu, TIA
  5. Automatic Terminal Information Service (ATIS) at Kathmandu, TIA
  6. Aerodrome Flight Information Service (AFIS)

ATC services are provided as follows:

  • Airways covering the main ATS routes
  • Terminal Control Areas
  • Control Zones at airports equipped with approach lights and/or landing aids

Navigation Aids within Nepal

In Nepal, we use the following VORs and NDBs below:

Adjacent FIRs/vACCs

VATSIM Nepal vACC is bordered with the following vACCs/FIRs:

  1. VATSIM India vACC (Kolkata and Delhi FIRs)
  2. VATSIM P.R.C Division (Urumqi and Kunming FIRs)

Airspace Structure and Classifications

VATSIM Nepal vACC consists of two airspace classifications and is structured as follows: